Principality of one square mile situated near Nice (South of France) famous for its casino, car racing, tennis tournament and football team.
Three series of chess tournaments were organised since the beginning of the twentieth century: from 1901-1904, 1967- 1969 and more recently, since the early 1990s, the Amber tournaments and the Mini States Championships in 1993 and 1995, the Women Candidates match Nana Ioseliani vs. Zsuzsa Polgar in 1993, the ESNA Team Championship in 2013 and the Women’s Grand Prix in 2015.
The winners were:
1901 David Janovsky, 1902 Geza Maroczy, 1903 Siegbert Tarrasch, 1904 Geza Maroczy, 1967 Robert Fischer, 1968 Bent Larsen and 1969 Lajos Portisch and Vasily Smyslov.
Since 1995, the team of Monaco has been participating in the French Club Team Championship. With several good Grandmasters (Alexei Shirov, Michael Adams, Jeroen Piket, Alexander Morozevich, Ulf Andersson, Iosif Dorfman, etc.), local sponsors and the help of Joop Van Osteroom, the club managed to win two French Club Championship titles in 2001 and 2002 and three titles of vice champion in 1999, 2004 and 2006.
In 2007, the team of Monte-Carlo, composed of Koneru Humpy, Pia Cramling, Zhu Chen, Monika Socko and Almira Skripchenko, won the Women’s European Club Cup. The team repeated its success in 2008 2010, 2012 and 2013 with the World Champion Hou Yifan at board one.
Monaco has participated in 22 Olympiads since 1960. Their best achievement was the forty-second place in 1964 and 1968. The team has collected two individual medals: in 1982 a silver with Eric Girault at board one, and in 2002 a gold for Jean-Philippe Gentilleau at board two.
The last national champions were:
2001 Patrick Van Hoolandt, 2004 Jean-Philippe Gentilleau, 2006 Patrick Lebel, 2008 Igor Efimov, 2012 Pierre Villegas, 2013 Patrick Van Hoolandt, 2014 Igor Efimov, 2015 Igor Efimov, 2016 Pierre Villegas, 2017 Igor Efimov.